The G7 Leaders’ Summit will be held in Hiroshima later this month. Japan, which is presently in charge of the G7—which also includes Japan, Italy, Germany, Canada, France, the United Kingdom, and the United States—will host the event. Japan has extended invitations to the authorities of eight non-member nations, including Brazil, Vietnam, Indonesia, and India.
The importance of inviting Brazil, Indonesia, and India.
It is particularly notable that the leaders of Brazil, Indonesia, and India were invited. Brazil will chair the G20 in 2019, while India currently holds the position. Last year, Indonesia served as the G20 Chai
India and Indonesia have taken a neutral stance on the conflict between Russia and Ukraine. In addition to purchasing oil from Russia at a discount, India has worked to advance bilateral economic ties with Russia despite US sanctions, and the two nations are currently in negotiations for an (FTA) Free Trade Agreement. It is important to note that New Delhi has been converting Russian oil it has purchased into fuel for the US and Europe.
Despite not necessarily backing the US policy towards Russia, Indonesia, and India have both emphasized the impact of the Ukraine-Russia dispute on global supply chains and urged for an end to the conflict on numerous occasions.
US penalties against Russia
The G7 summit’s agenda is likely to include a discussion of the application of sanctions against Russia, which India, Brazil, and Indonesia have all opposed. “There can be no impunity for war offenses and other dreadfulness like Russia’s attacks against civilians and crucial civilian infrastructure,” said a statement released during the G7 Foreign Ministers meeting.
Additionally, it was indicated that the G7 would work to strengthen sanctions and make sure they were “fully enforced”.
The problems facing the Global South
Here, it would be important to note that both Indonesia, the current ASEAN Chair, and India, the current G20 Chair, have raised concerns about the “Global South.” In fact, India has made it clear that providing the perspectives of the Global South more room and attention will be one of its main goals as the G20 chair.
The impact of China and the requirement for alternate supply chains
India, Indonesia, Vietnam, Australia, and South Korea are significant in the context of shifting global cache chains and lessening dependence on China, even though there may be disagreements with the US over a number of problems. The G7 Leaders’ Summit will also place a high priority on the issue of alternate supply chains.
Even while India and the US may disagree on some topics, New Delhi is a partner of the Quad with the US, Australia, and Japan, and its relations with China have significantly deteriorated recently. Apple is one of the US firms moving operations to India and Vietnam.
In order to improve collaboration about the Indo-Pacific, Japan, which has close ties with the US and is an active partner of Quad, is likely to host a NATO office.
Despite all of the similarities to the US, there are furthermore some variances. It has been buying petroleum from Russia at a price that is higher than the G7 price cap. Japan aspires to offer recourse to Russia and China in Africa. Fumio Kishida, the prime minister of Japan, traveled to Egypt, Mozambique, Ghana, and Kenya during his African tour.
China has significantly more commerce and investment with Africa than Japan, but Tokyo has been offering support through the (TICA) Tokyo International Conference on African Development.
The ‘Russia-China’ vs. US nexus receives a lot of awareness, but other nations like Japan, India, and Indonesia play a significant role in world geopolitics. While emerging nations, particularly those in Africa, may have reservations about Western institutions, they also cannot afford to rely too heavily on China.
Japan has a long history of offering assistance to developing countries without imposing strict conditions, and it has a stellar reputation for completing high-quality infrastructure projects there. Japan may become a key alternative both on its own and as part of multilateral media and groups like Quad.
The invitation extended by Japan to India, Indonesia, and Vietnam is noteworthy in this context because it demonstrates the importance of developing nations receiving meaningful space from international institutions.