G-7 Hiroshima Summit: Attendees and Agendas,

Kishida will greet visiting dignitaries at the Hiroshima Peace Park

(Photo credit: AP)

This weekend, the Group of Seven summit will be held in Hiroshima, the site of the world’s first atomic explosion at the conclusion of World War II. The meeting will bring together the leaders of seven of the most powerful democracies in the world.

Here’s a look at the G-7, who will go, and some of the significant problems, from the growth of important emerging countries to security concerns, including increased aggressiveness from China, North Korea, and Russia:

What is G7?

An informal group of the world’s top industrialised nations is known as the Group of Seven. It comprises the following countries: Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the UK, and the US.

Japan is hosting the G-7 conference this year, although the seven nations alternate years of leadership. Additionally, there are two members of the European Union.

Leaders from various non-G-7 nations and international organisations will also take part in select sessions, as has become common in recent years. The leaders talk about a variety of topics, including women, energy, climate change, security, and economic policy.

The first summit took place in 1975, when France held a gathering of the Group of Six to talk about how to deal with the recession that followed an Arab oil embargo. A year later, Canada was admitted as the seventh member. Following Moscow’s invasion of Crimea in 2014, Russia was kicked out of the G-8, which it had joined in 1998 to establish.

Who all are coming?

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The presidents of Australia, Brazil, Comoros, Cook Islands, Comoros, India, Indonesia, South Korea, and Vietnam have been invited this year, as Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida emphasises the significance of interacting with friends and partners in the US as well as emerging nations in the so-called Global South.

The goal of the invites to leaders beyond the G-7 is to increase international collaboration.

Four decades ago, the G-7 countries accounted for nearly 50% of global economic activity; now, that percentage is closer to 30%.

The G-7’s relevance and role in guiding a global economy that is becoming more dependent on growth in less developed nations are being called into question as a result of the enormous advances achieved by developing economies like China, India, and Brazil.

Leaders from the World Bank, the World Health Organisation, the World Trade Organisation, the International Energy Agency, the International Monetary Fund, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, and the International Energy Agency are also invited.

Prominence of Hiroshima

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Kishida is a native of Hiroshima. His choice of location shows his commitment to having nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation at the top of this year’s summit’s agenda.

The development of nuclear and missile technology by China and North Korea, as well as recent nuclear weapon threats by Russia in Ukraine, have made the route toward nuclear disarmament look increasingly arduous.

Japan, which is shielded from nuclear attack by the US, has also come under fire for its resolve to abolish its nuclear arsenal. In order to bridge the gap between the harsh reality of today and the dream of a society free of nuclear weapons, Kishida is working to create a realistic road plan.

On Friday, Kishida will greet visiting dignitaries at the Hiroshima Peace Park. On the first official visit by the leaders of nuclear powers, he also intends to accompany them to the A-bomb museum. A meeting with survivors of the atomic explosion may potentially take place.

On Friday, Kishida will greet visiting dignitaries at the Hiroshima Peace Park. On the first official visit by the leaders of nuclear powers, he also intends to accompany them to the A-bomb museum. A meeting with survivors of the atomic explosion may potentially take place.

“I think it’s crucial to start any initiative for nuclear disarmament by giving people a direct understanding of the devastating consequences of atomic bombings and effectively communicating the harsh reality,” stated Kishida on Saturday while visiting Hiroshima to oversee the preparations for the summit.

Important Issues 

(Photo credit: AP)

The G-7 leaders are anticipated to vehemently denounce Russia’s aggression on Ukraine while reaffirming their support for Ukraine. Volodymyr Zelenskyy, the president of Ukraine, will participate in the meeting online.

There will also be an emphasis on Beijing’s increasing threats towards Taiwan, the autonomous, democratic island Beijing claims as its own, as well as strategies to lessen the reliance of Western democracies on China in their economies and supply chains.

The G-7 will provide these nations with increased help in the areas of health, food security, and infrastructure in order to forge tighter relations as a response to the growth of the Global South, which includes several former Western power colonies with differing perspectives on and ties to Russia and China.

What Else is Happening?

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Kishida will meet with President Joe Biden and President Yoon Suk Yeol of South Korea in a highly anticipated side event to the summit to talk about improving security cooperation, which may include bolstering nuclear deterrence.

As the two nations mend relations strained by disagreements resulting from Japan’s 1910–1945 colonial domination of the Korean Peninsula, Kishida and Yoon will pay their respects jointly at a Hiroshima monument for Korean atomic bomb victims.

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