Education and its impact on life expectancy

Educational possession is outweighing gender and race as a profound predictor of life length. Reading more books and attaining a degree might just make one live longer.

The logical debate

Education as a medium was introduced to spread literacy and awareness among the people of the lower strata. An initiative, once seen as a privilege, has quickly become a necessity in today’s time. The possession of knowledge can help one equate scenarios and understand their surroundings in an astute manner.

The absence of education in one’s life can open doors for exploitation and discrimination. Individuals having no knowledge about their country’s laws may find themselves struggling to defend their stance. Similarly, Individuals unaware about the Civil Rights Movement in America might come off as insensitive to the black population.  

Education can also be linked to early death rates linked to excess reproduction in many rural areas. People belonging to the rural areas of society are often unaware of the sexually contraceptive devices present in the world. This may lead to them indulging in sexual encounters that may yield multiple children. In such a scenario people fail to, economically, care for these children leading to their undue deaths.

The statistics

A multi-institutional study led by the Yale School of Medicine and University of Alabama-Birmingham has attempted to tease out the relative impact of two variables often linked to life expectancy- race and education-by combing through a data of about 5,114 black and white individuals in four US cities.

The test subjects were enrolled as a part of a longevity study in their mid-20s now. Now, these individuals were in their mid-50s and the results were calculated based on their education levels. Out of the 5,114 people chosen for the study, 395 had died. Racial differences in the death rates were clear as 9% of black individuals had died as opposed to 6% white individuals.

However, the most significant difference was visible in terms of their education rates. It was observed that 13% of the participants with a high school degree or lower died as opposed to the 5% of the participants that held a college degree. The effects of these findings might as well transform policy making decisions among many others.

Ushering in changes

With education being directly linked to health and mortality rates, policy makers can come up with solutions to mask these problems. Rise in education policies and increasing job opportunities can be disguised as health policies. Government intervention is crucial in such a scenario as well.

India has seen several syllabi changes to maintain a certain ideology. This can be seen as discouraging for parents wanting to enroll their students in educational institutions. Much like the US, instead of race, religion differences may arise causing further depletion in mortality rates. Therefore, a united approach is crucial to tackle this issue.

By making access to education easier and affordable, maximum participation of individuals can be ensured. Through introducing an interactive syllabus and listing historical contexts as they were effectuated, further participation can be ensured. With education at the helm of decision making, a promise of a more aware population can be granted. Ushering in better mortality rates for all.

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