Read this article discussing the ethnic riots taking place in Manipur.
In Manipur, ethnic fires have been burning for more than 40 days, trapping the state in a never-ending cycle of retribution. Amit Shah, the union’s home minister, the military, and Chief Minister N. Biren Singh have all made attempts to stop the slaughter, but it has not been successful.
The BJP’s ‘twin engine’ style of governance, which calls for cooperation between the state and federal governments, appears to have completely failed in Manipur. Both the Meitei and Kuki populations were involved in the violence commission and its victims, and it caused a lot of deaths, relocation, and destruction.
Manipur’s ethnic conflict exposes the failure of the BJP’s ‘double engine’ model of governance, which aims to facilitate collaboration between the state and central governments.
The violence continues despite the presence of key BJP officials like Union Home Minister Amit Shah. Attacks on politicians, the breakdown of law and order, and demands for separate governance from the Kuki population are all signs of a state that is split and has undermined political and bureaucratic institutions.
Image Source: Telegraph India
Unresolved Tensions and Triggers
The latest fighting in Manipur is not an isolated episode; rather, it is the result of decades’ worth of simmering tensions, mostly related to land disputes. While the Meiteis have complained against alleged militant and outsider encroachment in the hills, the Kukis have claimed that the BJP-led government is targeting them and their land. A Manipur High Court ruling that suggested the Meiteis be given Scheduled Tribe status was another factor that sparked the dispute because it was perceived as a threat to the Kukis’ own advantages.
Peace discussions between the communities have failed since the Meitei and Kuki factions both say they won’t take part until the violence stops. Any effective conclusion is hampered by the lack of a supportive environment for conversation. The failure of the central government’s peace committee serves as a stark reminder of the difficulties in bringing the warring groups to the negotiating table.
Chaos, Liberty, and the Need for Accountability
Over the past weeks, Manipur has witnessed lawlessness and a culture of impunity. Notably, no arrests have been made to hold the perpetrators of street violence accountable. The political and bureaucratic machinery appears apathetic, with limited responses such as internet shutdowns and curfews. The failure to address the escalating violence and provide justice undermines the rule of law and exacerbates the conflict.
Manipur’s ongoing ethnic violence has resulted in a great deal of misery, including deaths, evictions, and the destruction of homes, temples, and other buildings. The situation has worsened as a result of the failure of peace measures, the collapse of the “double engine” concept, and a lack of accountability.
The state and federal governments must work together to resolve the problem, placing a high priority on ending the violence right now, fostering a climate that is conducive to negotiation, and ensuring that the victims receive justice. Manipur can only regain trust, mend traumatized scars, and move towards a peaceful and harmonious future for all of its communities by taking a thorough and inclusive approach.